Teak Tree (Tectona grandis) is a tropical hardwood tree species placed in the flowering plant family Lamiaceae. Tectona grandis is a large, deciduous tree that occurs in mixed hardwood forests. It has small, fragrant white flowers and large papery leaves that are often hairy on the lower surface.
Tectona grandis is native to south and southeast Asia, mainly India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar and Bangladesh but is naturalised and cultivated in many countries in Africa and the Caribbean.
It is sometimes known as the “Burmese teak”. Teak wood has a leather-like smell when it is freshly milled. It is particularly valued for its durability and water resistance, and is used for boat building, exterior construction, veneer, furniture, carving, turnings, and other small wood projects. Heartwood is brownish red in color. It darkens as it ages. Sometimes there are dark patches on it. There is a strange scent in newly cut wood. Wood texture is hard and ring porous.
Molecular studies show that there are two centers of genetic origin of teak, one in India and the other in Myanmar and Laos. Central Province teak) is a description of teak from the central states of India. It produces small, white flowers arranged in dense clusters at the end of the branches. Flowers contain both types of reproductive organs (perfect flowers).
World’s largest living teak tree
Located within the Parambikulam Wildlife Sanctuary in the Palakkad District of Kerala in India, the largest living teak tree is named Kannimara. The tree is approximately 47.5 m tall and is located at a distance of 79 km from the well-known teak forest region of Nilambur, Kerala, India.
More recently a tree was discovered in the Ottakallan area of Thundathil range of Malayattoor Forest Division in Kerala with a girth of 7.65 meters and 40 meters tall. The teak tree in Kappayam, Edamalayar, (Ernakulam district) also in Kerala which was considered as the biggest has a diameter of only 7.23 meters.